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In the 20th century it was part of the kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro and their successor state, Yugoslavia. After Kosovo War and 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia the territory came under the interim administration of the United Nations (UNMIK). In February 2008, the Assembly of Kosovo declared Kosovo's independence as the Republic of Kosovo. As of 5 December 2008, its independence is recognised by 53 UN member states and the Republic of China (Taiwan), though not by others.
Due to the political instability from the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence, the status of LGBT rights in Kosovo is presently unclear. Article 24 of the Constitution of Kosovo bans discrimination on a number of grounds, including sexual orientation. Kosovo is thus one of the few states in Europe with a constitutional ban on discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Since March 2006, Kosovo abolished homosexuality as a mental disorder. Although Kosovo has among Europe's broadest anti-discrimination laws, public attitudes remain deeply homophobic and it is unclear the extent to which the law is applied. In 2007, a gay man from Kosovo was granted political asylum in the United States after being repeatedly beaten and harassed. He was allegedly also harassed by hospital staff and police, to which he reported the crimes.
There are a few LGBT rights organisations in Kosovo, with the most prominent being the Center for Social Emancipation.
Finland is helping Kosovo fight against homophobia and transphobia. How? Through the EU funded project Fight against Homophobia and Transphobia officially launched on 15 May 2014 in Pristina. The project tackles homophobia as one face of discrimination, emanating from biased attitudes in society that lead to exclusion and hostility and create a severe obstacle for… Read more »
The European Parliament today overwhelmingly adopted two progress reports which condemned the treatment of LGBT people in Serbia and Kosovo and recommended the two countries improve the situation. A report on each of the two countries was adopted by the parliament today. On Serbia, the report “strongly condemns the authorities’ decision to ban the planned… Read more »
A European Commission report detailing the nature of LGBT rights in several countries looking to join the European Union has criticised Macedonia, Montenegro and Turkey. The reports show that LGBT people continue to face discrimination, threats and violence throughout south-eastern European and Turkey. Widespread hate crime against LGBT people were noted in Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia,… Read more »
Guests at Kosovo 2.0 magazine’s Night of Sex event in Pristina allegedly beaten and sprayed with teargas by anti-gay hooligans Thugs attacked the launch of a magazine’s gay issue in the Balkan city of Pristina, allegedly beating guests and throwing teargas. The event on Friday (14 December) to celebrate Kosovo 2.0 magazine’s latest issue exploring… Read more »
This abrupt opening and closure of a pioneering gay-friendly venue in Pristina has highlighted the embattled status of this maringalised community. The media furor surrounding the rapid opening and closure of Kosovo’s first gay bar has exposed the precarious position of the gay community in this deeply conservative, mainly Albanian land. The Pure Pure Club… Read more »
Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ottawa Treatment of sexual minorities Sources indicate that Kosovar society is “homophobic” (YIHR 18 Nov. 2011; ILGA Europe 29 April 2011; PH n.d.) and that homosexuality is a “taboo” topic (Front Line Defenders 29 May 2007; BIRN 23 Sept. 2009). According to a 2010 poll conducted in… Read more »
1 Kosovo: Gay, Lesbian Youth Leaders Under Serious Death Threats 5/07 2 Act to Protect LGBT Activist Threatened in Kosovo 6/07 3 Persecuted Gays Seek Refuge in U.S. 7/07 4 Catholics unhappy at rights for gay Kosovans 2/08 gaywired.com http://www.gaywired.com/article.cfm?section=66&id=14854 May 25, 2007 1 Kosovo: Gay, Lesbian Youth Leaders Under Serious Death Threats The leader… Read more »
LGBT youth leaders under serious death threats Center for Social Emancipation (QESh) and the Youth Initiative for Human Rights demand from the Kosovo Police Service to conduct a thorough investigation of the case of serious threats to leader of QESh and bring the perpetrators in front of the justice. The threat letter was sent to… Read more »